The staffs of Popa Mountain Resort, which is a branch of the Aureum Palace Hotels and Resorts, are honored by the HTOO Foundation for their uprightness. The foundation sent the letter of honor along with 15 lakhs kyat reward to them, on November 24th, 2015.
A Germany guest, namely Georg Schwazkop left 350 euro, iPhone 6 and 4 ID cards including VESA card, in the safe box of Popa Mountain Resort and a staff saw those items, so, all who may concerned made effort systematically to give back those materials into the hand of owner. That is why the HTOO Foundation honored the staffs of Popa Mountain Resort.
The guest, Mr. Georg Schwazkop said happily that he really appreciated the uprightness of staffs from hotel, he found it so much convenience, staying at this hotel and he will stay at the hotel when he come to the Myanmar next time.
Aureum palace hotel bagan received the best hotel ( local) 2014 in world tourism day at nay pyi taw today.
Myanmar Chefs Association invited for global WACS standard judging at Htoo Hotels Group, – 1. Culinary Hotel Group Competition at Kandawgyi Palace Hotel Yangon, 11.9.2014
A great idea by the chairman,– a great success by the team and the Chefs, Michel Mecca, Executive Chef at Kandawgyi Palace Hotel Yangon – Myanmar, gave us a call at end of July. His Chairman of Htoo Hotels Company heard well and good about the great success of the Myanmar Culinary Arts Challenge during Food & Hotel Myanmar in June 2014. Specially about the best arranged culinary competition by the Myanmar Chefs Association members. Inspired by the idea he asked his whole F&B and Hotel operation team of over 14 Hotels & Resorts to create an inter Hotel Chain Culinary Challenge , on Myanmar Traditional Cuisine to highlight, upgrade and maintain the quality of Myanmar Cuisine in all Hotels as well motivate his all chefs to create the Hotel Groups signature dishes. Than to further promote the Myanmar Traditional Cuisine signature dishes to promote the Hotel Group as well the richness of Myanmar Cuisine on a global culinary stage. We quick came together at the Yangon s Kandawgyi Palace Hotel with Chef Michel and the whole organizing committee with Mrs. Shwe Mee, Ma Cherry, Ko Sein Win , Mr. Ho Kau Fai as F&B Group Director ( a former Shangri – La manager ) and many more.
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The three Pyu Ancient Cities of Halin, Beikthano, and Sri Ksetra developed and flourished over a period of more than 1,000 years between ca. 200 BCE and 900 CE in the Dry Zone of the middle Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) River Basin within the territory of what is today modern Myanmar. Covering a combined area of over 5,000 hectares, located within buffer zones of a combined additional area of almost 7,000 hectares, the highly-intact moated-and-walled urban settlement, set within a vast irrigated landscape, contain the remains of monumental brick Buddhist stupas (reliquaries), other ritual structures, palace-citadels, burial grounds, water management features and early industrial production sites.
The Pyu Ancient Cities provide exceptional testimony of the introduction of Buddhism into Southeast Asia two thousand years ago and the attendant economic, socio-political and cultural transformations which resulted in the rise of the first, largest, and longest-lived urbanized settlements of the region up until the 9th century. The Pyu showed a striking capacity to assimilated the Indic influences and swiftly move into a significant degree of re-invention. They created a special form of urbanization, the city of extended urban format, which subsequently influenced urbanization in most of mainland Southeast Asia. These earliest Buddhist city-states played a seminal role in the process of transmitting the literary, architectural and ritual traditions of Pali-based Buddhism to other societies in the sub-region where they continue to be practiced up to the present.
Together, the three cities provide material evidence of the early, mature and late stages of the Pyu civilization, characterized by the emergence of literacy using Indic Brahmi-based script to transcribe Buddhist texts into Pyu vernacular languages, the establishment of Buddhist monastic communities and distinctive mortuary practices, skillful water management which enhanced agricultural productivity and ensured food security, sophisticated metal and stone-working, and long-distance trade in manufactured goods. Stable conditions brought about by prolonged economic prosperity and enduring social order fostered innovative developments in construction technologies, city planning, agriculture and industrial production. The model of urban culture established by the Pyu Ancient Cities in the first millennium continued to influence subsequent cities throughout Myanmar and in a wider area of mainland Southeast Asia for the next one thousand years.
The ancient brick-walled city at Halin is remarkably large: nearly 3.2kilometers from north to southa and 1.6kilometers from east to west, encompassing a total area of more than 500 hetares. The walls have crumbled down and the debris strewn about almost at ground level. Traces of a moat are seen on all side except the south. In excavations at Halin, some parts of the southern fortification were exposed and it was found that the wall has a breadth of 9.20 meters with 35 courses of bricks in situ in its northern face and 21 courses in its southern face. The bricks were laid in mud mortar. The adjacent stratifications show that the wall is supported by a thick deposit of filling from the interior as a rampart, a construction technique used again in the much later Mandalay palace fort wall built in the middle of 19th century CE. The alignment of the southern wall was found to have a curve at the south-eastern corner. Here the breadth of the fortification is only 14.9 meters with 8 courses of bricks intact. The inner face of the curve has a guard room measuring 4.6 x 4.5 meters. It may be generalized from the aviable evidence that the fortifications assume a rectangular with inside conrners rounded and guard room attached insdie the curves.
Halin, 540 hectares, lies 13 kilometers southeast of the modern town of Shwe Bo and 9 kilometers northeast of Wetlet, Sagaing Division within the 1,000kilometer square basin of the Mu River Valley. The walled site is located between the Ayeyarwady and Mu rivers with its moats and canals aligned with the prevailing land slope from northeast to southwest. There is a depression to the south now occupied by the Halin-in or lake. Rice yields were probably augmented by irrigation waters from the Nagayon tank which lies to the southeast of the city. To the south of Halin is hot springs associated with rich salt fields, while to the northeast there is access to the largest silver mind in the region. The palace is located near the middle of the site. A total of 33 mounds have been excavated. Additional unexcavated mounds are present throughout the walled city, while traces of the ancient city moat seen on the north, east and west. The ancient Pyu walled city is located on higher ground above the present Halin Village on the south.
The ancient brick-walled city of Beikthano, credited as the earliest city in Myanmar traditional cultural chronologies, is shaped more nearly like a square. Its north-south length is nearly 3 kilometers and its east-west length is 2.8 kilometers long. The whole walled area of Beikthano is some 900 hectares in area. The brick fortification walls encompass the city area on the north, east and south sides, and presumably also on the west although the western wall has not yet been confirmed by archaeological excavation and may never have been constructed as this side of the city is bounded by two large lakes.
The eastern side is 3 kilometers long while north and south side are 5.7 kilometers long. The whole western wall (if it ever existed) and a small portion of south-west corner had probably been eroded by the floods of Yanpe steream and the two lakes, the Ingyi and Gyogyarkan, situated close to the low-lying western edge of the city area. The city wall is shaped more or less like a rhombus with its extent eastern side declined 13 degree westward. The southern corners have very smooth bends whereas at the north-eastern corner the wall talks a sharp turn due west. The northern wall does not run straight from east to west but dips slightly southward at the midpoint of its length. The eastern side had suffered some damaged due to the quarrying of bricks, several decades ago, for the construction of the mortar road for Taungdwingyi to Magwe and the railway embankment for a project line, later abandoned. Remaining of east wall is a low ridge. The north and south walls have eroded by natural decay but still stand to an average height of about 1.8 meters about the ground level.
Beikthano, 900 hectares, is approximately 18 kilometers west of Taungdwingyi Township, Magwe District, Magwe Region. The ancient walled site lies immediately north of the village of Kokkogwa, with the village of Innywagyi on the northwest and the Shweyaungdaw stupa on the northeast just outside the city wall. The ancient city commands that part of the fertile rice and garden cropping lands of the Yin Valley, an area of approximately 2,294 square kilometers, where four perennial streams converge. Its water resources were therefore greater than any other part of this river valley. Moreover the area is rich in river-bornes sediments for cultivation and suitable clay to produce terracotta goods ranging from simple pots to elaborate drum-shaped urns. The walls of Beikthano form a three-sided squairsh area with rounded corners surrounding the site on the north, south and west, which aligns neatly with the watershed of the Yin and Sadoun Rivers and its many feeder streams on the south. In some sections the walls are still almost two meters high; in others they have been eroded though continued cultivation. The numerous canals within this watershed additionally draw from anddrain into the large in-gyi or seasonal lakes, such as the Innywagyi on the west, In-gyi Gyogya-kan and Kokkogwa-in lakes and ponds and two additional lakes known as atwin thauktawkan (inside lakes for drinking water) and apyin thauktawkan (outside lake for drinking water) thought to have been part of the original water supply of the city.
Sri Ksetra, the largest and most elaborately constructed city of Pyu, lies in the Nawin River Valley in the Pyay Township, Pyay District, Bago Region. It is roughly circular in shape, with a north-south diameter of 4.44 kilometers and an east-west diameter of 3.96 kilometers. Its walled area embraced a vast area of 1880 hectares. It is encompassed by a high fortification wall constructed wall constructed of large, fired bricks, the circumference being 13.68 kilometers long, with triple walls on the southeast side. The walls of Sri Ksetra are well-preserved; some sections of the massive wall still stand to a height of 4.6 meters. Sri Ksetra is located just on the south-western rim of the wide Nawin Valley with its rich soils derived from alluvial deposits providing an area of some 3000 square kilometers of continuous farmland. The walled site of Sri Ksetra is immediately adjacent to the Myinbahu mountain range. From Sri Ksetra it was possible to trek along the ridge to the south to the satellite town of Thegon, where brick walls and artifacts testify to the use of this route during the Pyu times.
Sri Ksetra, 1,840 hectares, is approximately 5.8 kilometers east of the city Pyay (Prome) Township. This area has long been known as mye-lat or middle land between the Dry Zone of Upper Myanmar and the wetter land to the south. The development of cultivation at all the three Pyu Ancient cities demanded the multiplication of weirs, tanks, dams, but this was particularly so at Sri Ksetra which received the highest annual precipitation and the local topography involves sharp drops from higher to lower terrain. The annual rush of water from the Myinbahu hills down to the flat habitation and cultivation areas of the city demanded repeated constructions of moats, ponds or tanks and canals along the vulnerable south western, and northern sections of the city walls. These were successively conjugated into a series of arces, each less than half the eventual total enclosed area but forming a visible concentric circular ring around the site. The great east tank formed a storage area of water in the lowest point of the site.